The Fir Tree
HANS CHRISTIAN ANDERSEN
Out in the forest stood a pretty little Fir Tree. It had a good place;
it could have sunlight, air there was in plenty, and all around grew
many larger comrades--pines as well as firs. But the little Fir Tree
wished ardently to become greater. It did not care for the warm sun and
the fresh air; it took no notice of the peasant children, who went about
talking together, when they ha
come out to look for strawberries and
raspberries. Often they came with a whole pot-full, or had strung
berries on a straw; then they would sit down by the little Fir Tree and
say, How pretty and small that one is! and the Tree did not like to
hear that at all.
Next year he had grown a great joint, and the following year he was
longer still, for in fir trees one can always tell by the number of
rings they have how many years they have been growing.
Oh, if I were only as great a tree as the others! sighed the little
Fir, then I would spread my branches far around, and look out from my
crown into the wide world. The birds would then build nests in my
boughs, and when the wind blew I could nod just as grandly as the others
He took no pleasure in the sunshine, in the birds, and in the red clouds
that went sailing over him morning and evening.
When it was winter, and the snow lay all around, white and sparkling, a
hare would often come jumping along, and spring right over the little
Fir Tree. Oh! this made him so angry. But two winters went by, and when
the third came the little Tree had grown so tall that the hare was
obliged to run around it.
Oh! to grow, to grow, and become old; that's the only fine thing in the
world, thought the Tree.
In the autumn woodcutters always came and felled a few of the largest
trees; that was done this year too, and the little Fir Tree, that was
now quite well grown, shuddered with fear, for the great stately trees
fell to the ground with a crash, and their branches were cut off, so
that the trees looked quite naked, long, and slender--they could hardly
be recognized. But then they were laid upon waggons, and horses dragged
them away out of the wood. Where were they going? What destiny awaited
In the spring, when the swallows and the Stork came, the Tree asked
them, Do you know where they were taken? Did you not meet them?
The swallows knew nothing about it, but the Stork looked thoughtful,
nodded his head, and said,
Yes, I think so. I met many new ships when I flew out of Egypt; on the
ships were stately masts; I fancy that these were the trees. They smelt
like fir. I can assure you they're stately--very stately.
Oh that I were only big enough to go over the sea! What kind of thing
is this sea, and how does it look?
It would take too long to explain all that, said the Stork, and he
Rejoice in thy youth, said the Sunbeams; rejoice in thy fresh growth,
and in the young life that is within thee.
And the wind kissed the Tree, and the dew wept tears upon it; but the
Fir Tree did not understand that.
When Christmas-time approached, quite young trees were felled, sometimes
trees which were neither so old nor so large as this Fir Tree, that
never rested but always wanted to go away. These young trees, which were
almost the most beautiful, kept all their branches; they were put upon
wagons, and horses dragged them away out of the wood.
Where are they all going? asked the Fir Tree. They are not greater
than I--indeed, one of them was much smaller. Why do they keep all their
branches? Whither are they taken?
We know that! We know that! chirped the Sparrows. Yonder in the town
we looked in at the windows. We know where they go. Oh! they are dressed
up in the greatest pomp and splendor that can be imagined. We have
looked in at the windows, and have perceived that they are planted in
the middle of the warm room, and adorned with the most beautiful
things--gilt apples, honey-cakes, playthings, and many hundreds of
And then? asked the Fir Tree, and trembled through all its branches.
And then? What happens then?
Why, we have not seen anything more. But it was incomparable.
Perhaps I may be destined to tread this glorious path one day! cried
the Fir Tree rejoicingly. That is even better than traveling across the
sea. How painfully I long for it! If it were only Christmas now! Now I
am great and grown up, like the rest who were led away last year. Oh, if
I were only on the carriage! If I were only in the warm room, among all
the pomp and splendor! And then? Yes, then something even better will
come, something far more charming, or else why should they adorn me so?
There must be something grander, something greater still to come; but
what? Oh, I'm suffering, I'm longing! I don't know myself what is the
matter with me!
Rejoice in us, said Air and Sunshine, Rejoice in thy fresh youth here
in the woodland.
But the Fir Tree did not rejoice at all, but it grew and grew; winter
and summer it stood there, green, dark green. The people who saw it
said, That's a handsome tree! and at Christmas-time it was felled
before any one of the others. The axe cut deep into its marrow, and the
tree fell to the ground with a sigh: it felt a pain, a sensation of
faintness, and could not think at all of happiness, for it was sad at
parting from its home, from the place where it had grown up: it knew
that it should never again see the dear old companions, the little
bushes and flowers all around--perhaps not even the birds. The parting
was not at all agreeable.
The Tree only came to itself when it was unloaded in a yard, with other
trees, and heard a man say,
This one is famous; we only want this one!
Now two servants came in gay liveries, and carried the Fir Tree into a
large beautiful saloon. All around the walls hung pictures, and by the
great stove stood large Chinese vases with lions on the covers; there
were rocking-chairs, silken sofas, great tables covered with
picture-books, and toys worth a hundred times a hundred dollars, at
least the children said so. And the Fir Tree was put into a great tub
filled with sand; but no one could see that it was a tub, for it was
hung round with green cloth, and stood on a large many-colored carpet.
Oh, how the Tree trembled! What was to happen now? The servants, and the
young ladies also, decked it out. On one branch they hung little nets,
cut out of colored paper; every net was filled with sweetmeats; golden
apples and walnuts hung down as if they grew there, and more than a
hundred little candles, red, white, and blue, were fastened to the
different boughs. Dolls that looked exactly like real people--the Tree
had never seen such before--swung among the foliage, and high on the
summit of the Tree was fixed a tinsel star. It was splendid,
This evening, said all, this evening it will shine.
Oh, thought the Tree, that it were evening already! Oh that the
lights may be soon lit up! When may that be done? I wonder if trees will
come out of the forest to look at me? Will the sparrows fly against the
panes? Shall I grow fast here, and stand adorned in summer and winter?
Yes, he did not guess badly. But he had a complete backache from mere
longing, and the backache is just as bad for a Tree as the headache for
At last the candles were lighted. What a brilliance, what splendor! The
Tree trembled so in all its branches that one of the candles set fire to
a green twig, and it was scorched.
Heaven preserve us! cried the young ladies; and they hastily put the
Now the Tree might not even tremble. Oh, that was terrible! It was so
afraid of setting fire to some of its ornaments, and it was quite
bewildered with all the brilliance. And now the folding doors were
thrown open, and a number of children rushed in as if they would have
overturned the whole Tree; the older people followed more deliberately.
The little ones stood quite silent, but only for a minute; then they
shouted till the room rang: they danced gleefully round the Tree, and
one present after another was plucked from it.
What are they about? laughed the Tree. What's going to be done?
And the candles burned down to the twigs, and as they burned down they
were extinguished, and then the children received permission to plunder
the Tree. Oh! they rushed in upon it, so that every branch cracked
again: if it had not been fastened by the top and by the golden star to
the ceiling, it would have fallen down.
The children danced about with their pretty toys. No one looked at the
Tree except one old man, who came up and peeped among the branches, but
only to see if a fig or an apple had not been forgotten.
A story! a story! shouted the children: and they drew a little fat man
towards the Tree; and he sat down just beneath it,--for then we shall
be in the green wood, said he, and the tree may have the advantage of
listening to my tale. But I can only tell one. Will you hear the story
of Ivede-Avede, or of Klumpey-Dumpey, who fell down stairs, and still
was raised up to honor and married the Princess?
Ivede-Avede! cried some, Klumpey-Dumpey! cried others, and there was
a great crying and shouting. Only the Fir Tree was quite silent, and
thought, Shall I not be in it? shall I have nothing to do in it? But
he had been in the evening's amusement, and had done what was required
And the fat man told about Klumpey-Dumpey, who fell down stairs, and yet
was raised to honor and married the Princess. And the children clapped
their hands, and cried, Tell another! tell another! for they wanted to
hear about Ivede-Avede; but they only got the story of Klumpey-Dumpey.
The Fir Tree stood quite silent and thoughtful; never had the birds in
the wood told such a story as that. Klumpey-Dumpey fell down stairs, and
yet came to honor and married the Princess!
Yes, so it happens in the world! thought the Fir Tree, and believed it
must be true, because that was such a nice man who told it. Well, who
can know? Perhaps I shall fall down stairs too, and marry a Princess!
And it looked forward with pleasure to being adorned again, the next
evening, with candles and toys, gold and fruit. To-morrow I shall not
tremble, it thought. I will rejoice in all my splendor. To-morrow I
shall hear the story of Klumpey-Dumpey again, and, perhaps, that of
And the Tree stood all night quiet and thoughtful.
In the morning the servants and the chambermaid came in.
Now my splendor will begin afresh, thought the Tree. But they dragged
him out of the room, and up stairs to the garret, and here they put him
in a dark corner where no daylight shone.
What's the meaning of this? thought the Tree. What am I to do here?
What is to happen?
And he leaned against the wall, and thought, and thought. And he had
time enough, for days and nights went by, and nobody came up; and when
at length some one came, it was only to put some great boxes in a
corner. Now the Tree stood quite hidden away, and the supposition was
that it was quite forgotten.
Now it's winter outside, thought the Tree. The earth is hard and
covered with snow, and people cannot plant me; therefore I suppose I'm
to be sheltered here until spring comes. How considerate that is! How
good people are! If it were only not so dark here, and so terribly
solitary!--not even a little hare! That was pretty out there in the
wood, when the snow lay thick and the hare sprang past; yes, even when
he jumped over me; but then I did not like it. It is terribly lonely up
Piep! piep! said a little Mouse, and crept forward, and then came
another little one. They smelt at the Fir Tree, and then slipped among
It's horribly cold, said the two little Mice, or else it would be
comfortable here. Don't you think so, you old Fir Tree?
I'm not old at all, said the Fir Tree. There are many much older than
Where do you come from? asked the Mice. And what do you know? They
were dreadfully inquisitive. Tell us about the most beautiful spot on
earth. Have you been there? Have you been in the store-room, where
cheeses lie on the shelves, and hams hang from the ceiling, where one
dances on tallow candles, and goes in thin and comes out fat?
I don't know that! replied the Tree; but I know the wood, where the
sun shines, and where the birds sing.
And then it told all about its youth.
And the little Mice had never heard anything of the kind; and they
listened and said,
What a number of things you have seen! How happy you must have been!
I? said the Fir Tree; and it thought about what it had told. Yes,
those were really quite happy times. But then he told of the
Christmas-eve, when he had been hung with sweetmeats and candles.
Oh! said the little Mice, how happy you have been, you old Fir Tree!
I'm not old at all, said the Tree. I only came out of the wood this
winter. I'm only rather backward in my growth.
What splendid stories you can tell! said the little Mice.
And next night they came with four other little Mice, to hear what the
Tree had to relate; and the more it said, the more clearly did it
remember everything, and thought, Those were quite merry days! But they
may come again. Klumpey-Dumpey fell down stairs, and yet he married the
Princess. Perhaps I may marry a Princess too! And then the Fir Tree
thought of a pretty little birch tree that grew out in the forest: for
the Fir Tree, that birch was a real Princess.
Who's Klumpey-Dumpey? asked the little Mice.
And then the Fir Tree told the whole story. It could remember every
single word: and the little Mice were ready to leap to the very top of
the tree with pleasure. Next night a great many more Mice came, and on
Sunday two Rats even appeared; but these thought the story was not
pretty, and the little Mice were sorry for that, for now they also did
not like it so much as before.
Do you only know one story? asked the Rats.
Only that one, replied the Tree. I heard that on the happiest evening
of my life; I did not think then how happy I was.
That's a very miserable story. Don't you know any about bacon and
tallow candles--a store-room story?
No, said the Tree.
Then we'd rather not hear you, said the Rats.
And they went back to their own people. The little Mice at last stayed
away also; and then the Tree sighed and said,
It was very nice when they sat round me, the merry little Mice, and
listened when I spoke to them. Now that's past too. But I shall remember
to be pleased when they take me out.
But when did that happen? Why, it was one morning that people came and
rummaged in the garret: the boxes were put away, and the Tree brought
out; they certainly threw him rather roughly on the floor, but a servant
dragged him away at once to the stairs, where the daylight shone.
Now life is beginning again, thought the Tree.
It felt the fresh air and the first sunbeams, and now it was out in the
courtyard. Everything passed so quickly that the Tree quite forgot to
look at itself, there was so much to look at all round. The courtyard
was close to a garden, and here everything was blooming; the roses hung
fresh and fragrant over the little paling, the linden trees were in
blossom, and the swallows cried, Quinze-wit! quinze-wit! my husband's
come! But it was not the Fir Tree that they meant.
Now I shall live! said the Tree, rejoicingly, and spread its branches
far out; but, alas! they were all withered and yellow; and it lay in the
corner among nettles and weeds. The tinsel star was still upon it, and
shone in the bright sunshine.
In the courtyard a couple of the merry children were playing, who had
danced round the tree at Christmas-time, and had rejoiced over it. One
of the youngest ran up and tore off the golden star.
Look what is sticking to the ugly old fir tree, said the child, and he
trod upon the branches till they cracked again under his boots.
And the Tree looked at all the blooming flowers and the splendor of the
garden, and then looked at itself, and wished it had remained in the
dark corner of the garret; it thought of its fresh youth in the wood, of
the merry Christmas-eve, and of the little Mice which had listened so
pleasantly to the story of Klumpey-Dumpey.
Past! past! said the old Tree. Had I but rejoiced when I could have
done so! Past! past!
And the servant came and chopped the Tree into little pieces; a whole
bundle lay there, it blazed brightly under the great brewing copper, and
it sighed deeply, and each sigh was like a little shot: and the children
who were at play there ran up and seated themselves at the fire, looked
into it, and cried, Puff! puff! But at each explosion, which was a
deep sigh, the Tree thought of a summer day in the woods, or of a winter
night there, when the stars beamed; he thought of Christmas-eve and of
Klumpey-Dumpey, the only story he had ever heard or knew how to tell;
and then the Tree was burned.
The boys played in the garden, and the youngest had on his breast a
golden star, which the Tree had worn on its happiest evening. Now that
was past, and the Tree's life was past, and the story is past too: past!
past!--and that's the way with all stories.